Peeking Into the Legal Immigration Numbers

Wednesday, February 6th, 2013 by and is filed under Blog

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We’ve spent a lot of time focusing on illegal immigration policy, both from an enforcement standpoint and from a welfare perspective.  It’s also important to delve into our current legal immigration process in preparation for any wholesale reforms of our broader system.

From listening to proponents of open borders, you would get the impression that we barely admit any new legal immigrants, and as such, the only practical way for people to come here is by breaking our laws.  The reality is just the opposite.  We have granted more people permanent legal resident status over the past 15 years than in any other period in American history, including the turn of the 20th century when the country was still relatively young and growing.  Moreover, a massive share of the recent immigration has been from developing or third world countries, particularly the very native countries of most illegal immigrants.

It would be wise for lawmakers to begin studying the annual immigration yearbook from the DHS.  On page 5, you can find the total number of entrants obtaining LPR status  every year.  While historically, we have admitted between 300,000 and 600,000 new permanent legal residents every year (this has nothing to do with temporary worker visas), over the past decade we have accepted over 1 million new immigrants almost every year.  During the ‘90s we admitted 9.7 million new immigrants and during this past decade we let in 10.3 million new immigrants, smashing the previous record of 8.2 million during the great decade of immigration from 1900-1909.  Again, there is no way someone can reasonably suggest that this is restrictionist.

From which countries have we been accepting new immigrants in recent years?

Here is a list of major countries and regions that comprise the lion’s share of our legal immigrants over the past decade and in 2011.  The numbers were compiled from the DHS immigration yearbook.

Country/Region

2011 Numbers

2011%

2000-2009 Numbers

2000-2009 %

Latin America

403,771

38%

4,205,180

40.80%

Mexico

142,823

13.40%

1,704,166

16.50%

Africa

97,429

9.20%

759,734

7.30%

Europe (including Russia)

90,712

8.50%

1,349,609

13.10%

China

83,603

7.90%

591,711

5.70%

India

66,331

6.20%

590,464

5.70%

Total

1,062,040

10,299, 430

 

As you can see, we have been very generous in taking in many new LPRs from the developing world, particularly Latin America, and most notably, Mexico.  The idea that we don’t accept enough immigrants from Latin America and Mexico is absurd.  Going back to the fall of the Soviet Union, a major immigration-inducing event, we’ve accepted roughly 616,000 new LPRs from Russia.  During the same time, we’ve had about 4.7 million new immigrants from Mexico, and about 10 million from Latin America at large.

To a large extent, our immigration system has been random.  We bring in about 50,000 new immigrants every year through the diversity visa lottery, which expands the pool of immigration from third-world countries.

This random policy has consequences.  As Senator Sessions has pointed out on numerous occasions, just 0.068 percent of visa applications were denied in 2011 on the grounds of being a welfare risk.  Only about 10% are chosen based on their educational and occupational abilities.  In the earlier part of the last century, this wasn’t a major problem because there wasn’t a robust welfare state saddling our children with debt.  But with the welfare state in place, our current system is putting a strain on the welfare system.  Here are some tidbits from a 2011 study conducted by the Center for Immigration Studies:

  • In 2009 (based on data collected in 2010), 57 percent of households headed by an immigrant (legal and illegal) with children (under 18) used at least one welfare program, compared to 39 percent for native households with children.
  • Households with children with the highest welfare use rates are those headed by immigrants from the Dominican Republic (82 percent), Mexico and Guatemala (75 percent), and Ecuador (70 percent). Those with the lowest use rates are from the United Kingdom (7 percent), India (19 percent), Canada (23 percent), and Korea (25 percent).
  • Welfare use tends to be high for both new arrivals and established residents. In 2009, 60 percent of households with children headed by an immigrant who arrived in 2000 or later used at least one welfare program; for households headed by immigrants who arrived before 2000 it was 55 percent.

When policy-makers discuss reforming our legal immigration system, they need to take a look at the numbers of immigrants and the types of immigrants that we have let in over the past two decades.  They need to decide if we are going to continue on the current trajectory, bring in even more low-skilled immigrants, or move towards a system that prioritizes higher-skilled immigrants.  Conservatives need to decide if they desire to continue the Kennedy immigration paradigm from 1965 or not.  Tossing out platitudes about being a nation of immigrants is not sufficient.  We need to agree on which immigrants serve our national interests, and then make it easier for them to go through the process.

We need a substantive policy discussion on how to make the immigration system benefit the broader population as well as the immigrants coming to America.  A system that focuses on high skilled immigrants and family unification would benefit everyone.  This is something that can be done irrespective of how we deal with the divisive issue of those who came here illegally.  Hence, piecemeal trumps ‘comprehensive.’

2 Responses to “Peeking Into the Legal Immigration Numbers”

  1. Peeking Into the Legal Immigration Numbers | Irascible Musings Says:

    [...] Cross-posted from The Madison Project [...]

  2. Dave Francis Says:

    None of the politicians or the preponderance of them show no sympathy for the 23 Americans either completely jobless, destitute, or the part time employees or those who have given up hope of finding work? All they seem interested in is highly skilled workers or the agricultural Guest worker. As I have always said, much of this illegal immigration to the United States would never have happened, if illegal entry was enacted as a Felony? That the genuine 2006 secure double layer fence law had been in place and adequately funded? That the 1986 Immigration Control and Reform Act (ICRA) had strictly been enforced, instead of the questionable move by big corporations and all businesses to gain the upper hand by buying of lawmakers, so interior enforcement was next to nothing. So over these 3 decades the unconcerned legislators have turned a blind eye to the millions who crossed the poorly, undermanned borders, or never tracked the 46 percent airline passenger overstays who joined the illegal immigration invaders. The original 1986, 3 million who gained citizenship has broadened; bringing in family members through family unification migration, which has led to President Obama’s Dream Act for years of conceiving children on the taxpayer’s dime. If you are disposed to believe the 11 million illegal alien populations that is already settled here, or as most people have illustrated well over 20 million that seems more plausible as far as I’m concerned? To me that just prove to me that there has been no inclination to stop those who could reach our border, because miles of open areas still remain?

    Certain skilled workers who benefit America, is an advantage in this global market. And even a well regulated system to contract AGworkers, who are here strictly on a temporary basis? But non skilled labor, which has an overall advantage on millions of low income Americans, should not be tolerated without exception. If employers paid fair wages, most citizens and legal green card holders would be able to find a job, except the deadbeats that that have used the welfare system to support them. However President Obama and his czars have decided that the future of the Liberal Progressives, depend on generations of illegal migrants and immigrants as new citizens to vote them into Congress for years to come? This plan doesn’t just effect Republicans, but every citizen and all other legal nationalities, skin color and every class of worker. Not too many Americans see any advantage to a path to citizenship, because substantial amounts of money will be needed for retirement and pensions, no to exclude the processing cost. Both parties have already signed onto illegal aliens receiving Social Security, but where is the money coming from? Same with this child rebate tax controversy, which the IRS has ignored even though the estimate going to illegal aliens is now 7 Billion dollars.

    Two main laws that can at least scratch the service of illegal alien payments is THE LEGAL WORKFORCE Bill, that can reverse illegal aliens getting jobs by using the federal computer detection program, that could become mandatory for all workers and prosecution for tough business owners The essential law would be a simple amendment to end the contentious BIRTHRIGHT CITIZENSHIP BILL, so only children of a U.S. citizen could claim citizenship. So no more smuggled unborn or infants as associated with the Anchor Baby, would be able to gain citizen advantage to collect hundreds of billions of dollars in entitlement programs. However, without the blast of angry voice of the people, these policies sit in dormant, dusty filing cabinets in Washington. Research this information by checking out Judicial Watch, TEA PARTY.ORG and NumbersUSA and learn how the Liberal Democrats are splitting the country to forward their agenda.

    Incidentally, I heard today that the term Illegal Immigrant is politically incorrect by Democrat Rep. John Conyers Well—Sorry an illegal alien is the correct terminology, because only people who are inspected, have a visa or permission to enter a port of entry are legal immigrants? Just like the honest immigrant that awaits in faraway places to gain admittance is a legal immigrant.

    In concluding, Los Angeles County spends over $1.Billion dollars annually in financing illegal alien welfare, states city administator Michael D. Andronovich.

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